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Article: The threat of microplastics: understanding the dangers and finding ways to avoid them

Mikroplastik in Pferdedecken

The threat of microplastics: understanding the dangers and finding ways to avoid them

In recent years, a hidden threat has emerged in our environment: microplastics. Often invisible to the naked eye, these tiny particles pose a significant threat to animals, humans and the delicate balance of nature. In this blog post, we examine the origin of microplastics, their occurrence in different ecosystems, the emanating from them Dangers and practical steps we can take to minimize its impact.

What is microplastic?

Microplastics are small plastic particles less than 5 millimeters in size. They come from a variety of sources, including:

  1. Fragmentation: Larger plastic items, such as bottles or bags, degrade over time from exposure to the elements, UV rays, and physical abrasion.
  2. Microbeads: Tiny plastic beads used in personal care products like scrubs and toothpaste, which are often washed down drains and into waterways.
  3. Fibres: Synthetic textiles, such as Textiles such as polyester or nylon shed microfibers when washed, which then end up in the sewage system.

Where are microplastics found?

Microplastics have entered various environments including:

  1. Oceans and waterways: They pollute marine and freshwater systems and harm aquatic life such as fish, birds and marine mammals.
  2. Soils and agricultural systems: Microplastics can accumulate in soil, affecting plant growth and contaminating the food chain.
  3. Air: Research indicates that microplastics can be present in the air we breathe, leading to inhalation and exposure risks.

The dangers of microplastics:

Microplastics pose a number of threats to animals, humans and the environment:

  1. Damage to wildlife: Marine animals can mistake microplastics for food, leading to internal congestion, malnutrition and even death. They can also accumulate toxic substances on their surfaces, affecting their overall health.
  2. Risks to human and animal health: There is growing concern about the possible health effects of microplastics. While the full extent is still under investigation, there is evidence of potential risks such as inflammation, tissue damage, and possible intake from food and water.
  3. Environmental disruption: Microplastics can disrupt ecosystems, affecting biodiversity, nutrient cycles and overall ecosystem functioning. Their longevity in the environment compounds the problem as they take hundreds of years to degrade.

Avoiding microplastics:

We can take proactive steps to reduce microplastic pollution:

  1. Minimize single-use plastic: Choose reusable alternatives such as cloth bags, stainless steel bottles, or glass jars to reduce plastic waste.
  2. Avoid products with microbeads: Check ingredient labels and opt for personal care products that are free of microbeads.
  3. Proper Disposal and Recycling: Dispose of plastics responsibly, ensuring they are recycled whenever possible and encouraging others to do the same

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